Seated Vairocana Buddha (National Treasure #26). Unified Silla period, late 8th century; gilt-bronze, h. 1.77 m.; Bulguksa Temple South Korea.
Vairocana (also Vairochana or Mahāvairocana; Sanskrit: वैरोचन, Bengali: বৈরোচন, Indonesian: Dhyani Buddha Wairocana, Chinese: ÓÞìíåýÕÎ Dàrì Rúlái or ÝòÖÔó´ÑáÝÖ Piluzhenafo, Korean: ºñ·ÎÀÚ³ªºÒ Birojanabul or ´ëÀÏ¿©·¡ Daeil Yeorae, Japanese: Dainichi Nyorai, ÓÞìíåý来; Tibetan: རྣམ་པར་སྣང་མཛད། rNam-par-snang mdzad; Mongolian: Teyin böged geyigülügci; Vietnamese: Đại Nhật Như Lai) is a Buddha who is the embodiment of Dharmakaya, and who therefore can be seen as the universal aspect of the historical Gautama Buddha. In Sino-Japanese Buddhism, Vairocana is also seen as the embodiment of the Buddhist concept of shunyata or Emptiness. In the conception of the Five Wisdom Buddhas of Vajrayana Buddhism, Vairocana is at the center. His consort is White Tara (for every dhyani Buddha there is an affiliated female Buddha).